How to Encrypt and Decrypt Data in Angular 8

Introduction

In this article, You’ll learn how to implement AES encryption and decryption in Angular 8 while developing an application.

Concepts

The AES is the advanced encryption standard. So, these algorithms have been the standard of encryption for organizations like the NSA and anyone else that wants to hide their data. So, it’s a critical part of the computer science curriculum. that you should understand if you’re a software developer.

Actually, DES and AES were both developed to solve the same problem in 1971. this algorithm was invented by two Belgian cryptographers, Vincent Rijmen and Joan Daemen. IBM was the inventor of this algorithm called DES. it gradually became insecure and crackable as computer software or as computer hardware.

In the late 1990s, the government the NSA, in particular, decided that they needed to have an improved algorithm. so they put open a worldwide search and took ideas from fifteen different groups. then they create something that has been a standard for now over 20 years so these algorithms are known as symmetric ciphers.

You would have a single password or key that would encrypt your document and then that same key is going to unlock the document. so that key is important the alternative to symmetric encryption is called asymmetric encryption.

When to use AES Encryption

1. If you want to encrypt confidential data into a decryptable format, for example – if you need to send some sensitive data via e-mail.

2. The decryption of the encrypted data is possible only when you know the right password.

Now, It is very easy to implement the AES encryption and decryption in Angular 8 with the help of crypto-js.

Let’s, create a new project with the below command.

ng new EncryptionDescryptionSample

After that, we need to install a crypto.js file, by the below command.

npm install crypto-js --save  

For better responsive UI, we also install bootstrap by the below command.

npm install bootstrap --save  

Now, Let’s go an open “app.component.html” file and replace the existing code with the following code.


<h1 class="text-center">Encrypt-Decrypt with AES</h1>  
<br>  
<div>  
  <div class="row">  
    <div class="col-sm-6">  
      <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary btn-lg btn-block">  
        Encryption  
      </button>  
      <br>  
      <div class="form-group">  
        <label for="txtTextToConvert">Plain Text</label>  
        <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter text you want to encrypt" [(ngModel)]="plainText">  
      </div>  
  
      <div class="form-group">  
        <label for="txtPassword">Password</label>  
        <input type="password" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter encryption password" [(ngModel)]="encPassword">  
      </div>  
      <textarea class="form-control" readonly rows="3">{{conversionEncryptOutput}}</textarea>  
      <br>  
      <button type="button" class="btn btn-success float-right" (click)="convertText('encrypt')">Encrypt</button>  
    </div>  
    <div class="col-sm-6">  
      <button type="button" class="btn btn-dark btn-lg btn-block">  
        Decryption  
      </button>  
      <br>  
      <div class="form-group">  
        <label for="txtTextToConvert">Encrypted Text</label>  
        <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter text you want to decrypt" [(ngModel)]="encryptText">  
      </div>  
  
      <div class="form-group">  
        <label for="txtPassword">Password</label>  
        <input type="password" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter decryption password" [(ngModel)]="decPassword">  
      </div>  
      <textarea class="form-control" readonly rows="3">{{conversionDecryptOutput}}</textarea>  
      <br>  
      <button type="button" class="btn btn-success float-right" (click)="convertText('decrypt')">Decrypt</button>  
    </div>  
  </div>  
</div>

After that, open “app.component.ts” file and write the following code, we used the Encrypt method of AES and passed our plain text with a password to encrypt the string. then Similarly, we used the Decrypt method of AES and passed our encrypted text with a password to decrypt the string. Be assured that both times, your password we’ll be the same. so, using both of these methods, you just need to import “CryptoJS” from crypto-js libraries.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';  
import * as CryptoJS from 'crypto-js';  
  
@Component({  
  selector: 'app-root',  
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',  
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']  
})  
export class AppComponent {  
  title = 'EncryptionDecryptionSample';  
    
  plainText:string;  
  encryptText: string;  
  encPassword: string;  
  decPassword:string;  
  conversionEncryptOutput: string;  
  conversionDecryptOutput:string;  
    
  constructor() {  
  }  
  //method is used to encrypt and decrypt the text  
  convertText(conversion:string) {  
      if (conversion=="encrypt") {  
        this.conversionEncryptOutput = CryptoJS.AES.encrypt(this.plainText.trim(), this.encPassword.trim()).toString();  
      }  
      else {  
        this.conversionDecryptOutput = CryptoJS.AES.decrypt(this.encryptText.trim(), this.decPassword.trim()).toString(CryptoJS.enc.Utf8);  
       
    }  
  }  
}  

Now, Run the project by using the below command.

ng serve --o

Here is the output.

Encrypt and Decrypt output in Angular 8

One Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *